Which type of form factor is used in low-end computers and home theater systems? Is one of the frequently asked questions in recent time. At the end of this article, you will find the answers to these intriguing questions that have been bothering you.
What is a Form Factor?
A form factor refers to the overall functionality and design of a computer or electronic equipment. This is usually highlighted by an important feature that indicates the configuration, specifications, size, and layout of the device.
The use of form factors serves as a standard and avoids connection compatibility problems that can arise with the many hardware components used by different manufacturers.
The form factors are very important as they provide the following features:
- Form factors fit into a desktop computer or home theater system without worrying about large rooms. Due to their small components and system dimensions, they take up relatively little space on your desk or entertainment room.
- The smaller size of form factor devices also offers easier portability. They are light enough to be easily carried by the elderly as well. The packaging of these devices can be carried out without any problems compared to conventional systems.
- Also, form factors tend to have lower power consumption than regular devices. This low power consumption is mainly due to fewer expansion cards and other readers than the main cards.
- It serves as the central backbone for the various parts and attachments present in the device.
- It is highly interchangeable with multiple components for ease of upgrade and possible customization.
- It is responsible for the energy distribution in the circuit boards.
- It electronically coordinates the operation and the interface of components.
You May Also Read Our Review Articale On Best Home Theater Projector Under 500.
Types Of Form Factors
The form factor identifies the standards required. It determines the general shape and size, case type, power supply required, and the overall physical organization of the device. This includes the size of the circuit board, the location of the slot, the position of the faceplate, and the mounting location where the motherboard is held in place.
Different form factors have been invented and implemented over the years. However, most of them are already out of date or used for special purposes. Listed below are the types of form factors:
Tower Form Factor
The tower form factor varies depending on the height and number of internal drive slots. It can be classified as a full turn, mid-turn, and mini turn.
The entire tower is typically 30 inches or more high and has six to 10 internal drive slots. It has ample room for ATX, a full-size vertical motherboard mounted vertically for more space, and a more efficient cooling system.
The average tower is between 18 and 24 inches tall and has two to four internal drive slots. In most cases, it can accommodate ATX but is highly recommended for mini-ATX motherboards due to the reduced number of slots and buses.
Pizza Box Form Factor
A pizza box form factor is commonly used for computer and network switches because of its wide, flat housing structure. It comes in one to two rack units that look almost like pizza delivery boxes, hence the name.
Typically this system requires flat, shorter, horizontally placed expansion cards, including Flex ATX. It was originally designed for 19-inch racks, but can be tailored to larger units. The main applications of this form factor include industrial and data centers with limited rack space.
Small Form Factor
With a small form factor (SFF), loosely defined standards are used to reduce volume and space requirements. It is often lighter and smaller in construction, resulting in a more ergonomic design and easier accessibility.
Despite its smaller and more compact design, this type of format supports the construction of modern devices, including standard processors, memory modules, and optical drives. The expansion functionality can be restricted.
The small form factor is best used with a mini-ITX motherboard and comes in a variety of sizes and shapes, including cubes, shoeboxes, and book-sized units.
Mobile Form Factor
A mobile form factor has a portable design that is often smaller and cheaper. This includes a “clamshell” design form factor commonly used in laptops and notebooks.
Another reason is the form factor of the cell phone, which uses different designs and styles depending on the device, regardless of whether it is a bar, flip, or slider phone. All of this is compatible with the mobile ITX, known as the smallest form of the motherboard.
What type of form factor is used in low-end computers and home theater systems?
Two of the most common devices used in the home or office are a computer and a home theater system. Both use a specific form factor to ensure proper operation and optimal performance.
In general, the mini-ITX is the form factor used in low-end computers and home theater systems. Your cards are often paired with a 607 “x 6.7” processor. However, there are cases where a combined motherboard and processor unit is used.
The Mini-ITX cards require little power to operate and do not have a fan for cooling. This made it ideal for coupling with home theater systems. The fan-less cooling system has made the Mini-ITX a perfect card for PC systems that run in quiet places like libraries, classrooms, theaters, etc.
The Mini-ITX card has 4 mounting holes with which it can be easily adapted to ATX, Micro-ATX, and other housings. Many older ITX cards used higher cards for the expansion slots. However, the new design included a single expansion slot.
Understanding the type of form factor used in low-end computers and home theater systems will give you an insight into their structures and configurations.