The curriculum may be defined as the set of subjects offered for specific program of study in a particular time of period in educational institutes, which students must passed in order to go in next level. Curriculum should exclude from racism and discrimination and include extra curriculum activities.

There are many types of curriculum that are dependent on several perspectives. Societal curriculum is one of the most important types of curriculum. As explicit by name, societal curriculum includes all activities such as traditions, norms, values and many other that educate the people in different ways.

Societal curriculum first clearly defined by Carlos E. Cortes. According to him societal curriculum is,

“massive ongoing, informal curriculum of family, peer of groups, neighborhoods, churches organization, occupations, mass media, and other social forces that educate all of us throughout our lives.”

Schools are not education. In fact they are part of education. When people listen or read the word curriculum, most of them think about school curriculum. But there are many sources of education. In reality, curriculum is based on social issues and needs. So the goals and objectives of curriculum are to solve and meet these issues and needs.

Societal curriculum is not a new subject area. It is a way of doing things. Actually it is method for improving interaction between teacher, student, parents and society.

Societal curriculum is divided into further types. There are four types of societal curriculum, which are given below;

Immediate Curriculum:

Immediate means quickly. So in immediate curriculum quickly and promptly interaction is done. In this curriculum everyone is remotely closed to students, teachers, parents and friends. Learners interact with teacher, parents, and friends on daily basis and they can take great influence from them.

Institutional Curriculum:

Institutions are the places where people are together and they may b affect the students. For example, Church, library, masjid, club and many other organizations educate learners in different ways.  Though students do not have a daily interaction with these institutes but they play a vital role in learning and developments of students.

Serendipitous Curriculum:

Serendipitous means unintended, unexpected learning experience. This learning may be learned through special days, different events, tours and gathering of people from other culture.

Media Curriculum:

Now a day, media casts a spell on the life of people. It is one of the important and interesting sources of learning. This may be include television, radio, social media such as, face book, twitter, instagram, whatsApp, and many other.  Online learning is best example of media curriculum, which facilitates both students and teacher in large scale.

Societal curriculum in some repespect does not good for students. It has some negative aspects. For example, students purposelessly spent their time on face book, twitter and such other website. In this way they waste their time. Cortes suggests some different ways through which societal curriculum may become useful for students, these ways are given below;

  • Use it for teacher education
  • Use it to aid in curriculum planning
  • Use it as curriculum materials
  • Use it as part of social literacy

In briefly it may be said that societal curriculum plays a vital role in students learning in different ways. It is necessary curriculum which must be tough to students.


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